26 de abril de 2017

Professor ou tutor: uma linha tênue na docência em EAD

Professor ou tutor: uma linha tênue na docência em EAD

Michelle Brust Hackmayer, Estrella Bohadana


Resumen



Este trabalho analisa a natureza docente do trabalho de tutoria na Educação a Distância (EAD), utilizando, como referência, os documentos oficiais do Ministério da Educação e Cultura (MEC) (Brasil, 2007) sobre as funções do tutor e as avaliações que os tutores do Centro de Educação Superior a Distância do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (CEDERJ) fazem de sua prática. Contextualiza a pesquisa, abordando questões teóricas relativas à docência na EAD, a qual envolve vários profissionais em sua atuação, incluindo o tutor. Revela que até o momento inexiste um termo que defina o papel do tutor no trabalho com a EAD, papel este que se torna cada vez maior e mais indefinido. Mostra que, embora tenha, reconhecidamente, uma função importante e determinante nos cursos a distância, o tutor ainda é um profissional que carece de perfil profissiográfico, que lhe confira uma formação definida e um espaço determinado na modalidade. O artigo revela, ainda, que cresce a necessidade de estudos que indiquem quais as suas principais funções, sua identidade profissional e, sobretudo, a caracterização de sua atuação docente na EAD. Analisa as respostas do questionário aplicado aos 38 tutores do CEDERJ/UERJ, no curso de Licenciatura em Pedagogia e, finalmente, conclui que os tutores são unânimes em considerar sua atuação como docente, embora não sejam reconhecidos nem remunerados como tal pela instituição onde atuam.


Palabras clave

Educação a distância; tutoria; docência.


Referencias

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Belloni, M. L. (2006). Educação a distância. 4 ed. Campinas: Autores Associados. Brasil. (2007). Ministério da Educação. Secretaria de Educação a Distância. Referenciais de qualidade para educação superior a distância. Brasília.

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Rêgo, M. C. L. C. (2010). Tutoria e formação humana no ensino superior a distância. 157 f. Tese (Doutorado em Educação), UERJ, Rio de Janeiro.

Rizzini, I. (1999). Pesquisando: guia de metodologias de pesquisa para programas sociais. Rio de Janeiro: USU.

Scheibe, L. (2006). Formação de professores: dilemas da formação inicial a distância. Educere et Educare, l (2), Cascavel, (199- 212).

Tractemberg, L.; Tractemberg, R. (2007). Seis competências essenciais da docência on-line independente. In: Congresso Internacional da ABED, 13, Curitiba. [em línea] Disponível em: http:// www.abed.org.br/congresso2007/ tc/552007113218PM.pdf (consulta 2013, 7 de julio).


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/ried.17.2.12685

25 de abril de 2017

Recursos digitales autónomos mediante realidad aumentada

Recursos digitales autónomos mediante realidad aumentada

Joaquín Cubillo Arribas, Sergio Martín Gutiérrez, Manuel Castro Gil, Antonio Colmenar Santos

Resumen


Aún existen en la actualidad limitaciones a la hora de enseñar conceptos que requieren la manipulación o visualización de objetos que no están al alcance de todos, bien por su naturaleza abstracta, científica o espacial. La realidad aumentada y los dispositivos móviles son herramientas disponibles hoy en día que permiten solventar estas carencias y ofrecen la posibilidad de interactuar con objetos virtuales en un espacio tridimensional. Para que estas tecnologías formen parte activa en el ámbito educativo es necesario proporcionar herramientas de autor que faciliten la creación de contenidos aumentados autónomos, que expliquen por sí mismos los conceptos que van a ser mostrados, que permitan añadir de una forma sencilla y transparente nuevos recursos virtuales y que puedan ser reutilizados. Este trabajo presenta un entorno de aprendizaje basado en la realidad aumentada que cumple estos objetivos.



Palabras clave

Realidad aumentada; aprendizaje móvil; herramientas de autor; contextualización; preguntas con respuesta múltiple.


Texto completo:

PDF



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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/ried.17.2.12686

24 de abril de 2017

A educação a distância como oportunidade de formação profissional e tecnológica

A educação a distância como oportunidade de formação profissional e tecnológica

Cinara Ourique do Nascimento, Sheyla Costa Rodrigues



Resumen


A inquietação em torno da oferta da Educação Profissional e Tecnológica a distância moveu-nos a refletir sobre essa realidade de ensino técnico. Traçamos nossa investigação em torno dos polos de apoio presencial, solicitando às professoras coordenadoras que respondessem algumas questões sobre o programa Rede e-Tec Brasil e os cursos técnicos a distancia ofertados pelo IFSul/CaVG. Através da metodologia do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, foi possível conhecer o discurso dessa coletividade propiciando uma interlocução entre as vozes das coordenadoras e as dos teóricos que fundamentaram o estudo. O discurso coletivo destaca a importância da qualificação profissional para a melhoria de vida e para o desenvolvimento econômico e social dos municípios, bem como, a aceitação da educação a distancia como oportunidade de acesso àqueles que se encontram distanciados dos bancos escolares regulares.


Palabras clave

Educação a distância; educação profissional e tecnológica; política pública.

Texto completo:

PDF (PORTUGUÊS (PORTUGAL))


Referencias

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/ried.17.2.12682

21 de abril de 2017

As dimensões da avaliação em cursos online: reflexões e importância

As dimensões da avaliação em cursos online: reflexões e importância

Adriana Aparecida de Lima Terçariol, Elisangela Aparecida Bulla Ikeshoji, Jeong Cir Deborah Zaduski, Ana Lucia Farão Carneiro Siqueira, Fernanda Sutkus de Oliveira Mello

Resumen


Os cursos desenvolvidos na modalidade a distância, via Internet, pelo seu caráter diferenciado e pelos desafios que enfrentam, devem ser acompanhados e avaliados em todos os seus aspectos, de forma sistemática, contínua e abrangente. Uma avaliação constante desses cursos se torna útil e necessária para o seu aprimoramento constante e sua continuidade. Este artigo apresenta como principal finalidade descrever e analisar as dimensões da avaliação em cursos online, especialmente, implementados no Ensino Superior. A metodologia escolhida para desenvolver este estudo se pautou em estudos de revisão bibliográfica sistemática, na base de dados Scielo, contou também com apoio de trabalhos realizados por estudiosos sobre o tema e as experiências vivenciadas no cotidiano de trabalho das pesquisadoras. Como principais resultados, o estudo aponta que é fundamental que se perceba que os cursos a distância que se desenvolvem de forma exclusivamente online, apresentam um caráter diferenciado e pelos desafios que enfrentam, devem ser acompanhados e avaliados em todos os seus aspectos, de forma sistemática, contínua e abrangente. Uma avaliação constante desses cursos auxilia em sua continuidade, pois dela emergem as deficiências e as possíveis ações no sentido de aprimoramento do processo. Nesse sentido, o processo de avaliação nesse contexto deve contemplar minimamente quatro dimensões: a avaliação da aprendizagem, a avaliação do material didático, a avaliação da infraestrutura tecnológica e a avaliação institucional.

Palabras clave


Educação a Distância; Avaliação; Ensino Superior.

Referencias


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Inep. Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira (2015). Recuperado de: .
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/ried.19.2.14753

19 de abril de 2017

Emergent leadership: is e-leadership importance in the quality of virtual education? / Liderazgos emergentes: ¿es importante el e-liderazgo en la calidad de la educación virtual?

Emergent leadership: is e-leadership importance in the quality of virtual education? / Liderazgos emergentes: ¿es importante el e-liderazgo en la calidad de la educación virtual?

Ingrid Garcia

Resumen


In the last years, the school management systems have become an important tool for the efficacy of the e-leader. These systems emphasize an information and e-communication flow between all organization departments. The aim of this study is to emphasize how the new technologies can help the teachers. Also, the use of the information and communication in schools and the future of the teaching regarding to the new functions and roles of the teachers in the next stage of distance education is analyzed. The e-leader or e-mentor is specifically studied. This paper defines and analyzes a new emergent paradigm of leadership. The leadership that has arisen more than one decade ago. Special attention to the next topics is paid: The first section is a wide review of the theoretical framework in order to understand this new way of work related to the tutors and the leader in the virtual environment, also, the literature to construct a global comprehension of what constitutes the e-leadership in the organizations is reviewed. The second section analyzes the main strengths and skills of the e-leader and his importance in the distance education management. We focus on the delimitation of dimensions to characterize the different types of virtual teams. Finally, the general question which guides this research is: Will the virtual leadership bring along with it a real progress for the e-education? We live in the e-generation.
_____________
En últimos años, los sistemas de gestión de las escuelas se han convertido en una herramienta importante para la eficacia de e-líder. Estos sistemas enfatizan un flujo de información y la e-comunicación entre todos los departamentos de las organizaciones. El propósito de este estudio es el de enfatizar cómo las nuevas tecnologías pueden ayudar a los maestros(as). Se examinan también el uso de la información y la comunicación, en los centros educativos, el futuro de la enseñanza con respecto a las nuevas funciones y roles de los maestros(as) en los próximos escenarios de la educación a distancia. Se estudia específicamente el e-líder o e-mentor. El artículo define y analiza un nuevo paradigma emergente de liderazgo, el e-liderazgo, que ha surgido hace más de una década. Se presta una especial atención a los siguientes temas: La primera sección es una extensa revisión del marco teórico, con el fin de comprender esta nueva forma de trabajo relacionado con los tutores y el líder en el entorno virtual; también revisamos la literatura para construir una comprensión global de lo que constituye el e-liderazgo en las organizaciones. La segunda sección analiza las principales fortalezas y habilidades del e-líder y su importancia en la gestión de la educación a distancia. Nos centramos en la delimitación de las dimensiones para caracterizar los diferentes tipos de equipos virtuales. Por último, la pregunta general que orienta esta investigación es si: ¿El liderazgo virtual traerá consigo un progreso real para la e-educación? Vivimos en la e-generación.

Palabras clave


Distance education, leadership, virtual environments, web based instruction / Educación a distancia; liderazgo; entornos virtuales; instrucción basada en la web.

Texto completo:

PDF (ENGLISH)

Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/ried.18.1.13798

18 de abril de 2017

How millennials are changing the way we learn: the state of the art of ict integration in education / Cómo los millennials están cambiando el modo de aprender: estado del arte de la integración de las TIC en educación

How millennials are changing the way we learn: the state of the art of ict integration in education / Cómo los millennials están cambiando el modo de aprender: estado del arte de la integración de las TIC en educación

Ingrid Noguera Fructuoso

Resumen


The Millennials generation is changing the way to learn, promoting that educational institutions try to better adapt to the young's needs through the incorporation of educational technologies. Based on this premise, we have reviewed prominent reports about the integration of TIC on education in order to demonstrate how the education is changing and is going to change, to satisfy the needs of the Millennials with the support of the TIC. We conclude that the most of the investments have resulted in an increase of computers and internet access, with teachers that reproduce tradicional approaches of education and and where the virtual learning is seen as a complement of the face-to-face training. Although it seems that the use of TIC is not revolutionizing the learning, the personalization, collaborations and ubiquity of learning are being easier.
_____________________
La generación de los Millennials está cambiando la forma de aprender, promoviendo que las instituciones educativas traten de adaptarse mejor a las necesidades de los jóvenes mediante la incorporación de las tecnologías en educación. Partiendo de esta premisa, hemos revisado los informes prominentes sobre la integración de las TIC en la educación, con el objetivo de evidenciar cómo la educación está cambiando y va a cambiar, para satisfacer las necesidades de los Millennials con apoyo de las TIC. Llegamos a la conclusión que la mayor parte de las inversiones han dado lugar a un aumento de ordenadores y de acceso a Internet, con profesores que reproducen enfoques tradicionales de educación y en el que la enseñanza virtual está vista como un complemento a la formación presencial. Si bien parece que el uso de las TIC no está revolucionando el aprendizaje, se está facilitando la personalización, la colaboración y la ubicuidad del aprendizaje.

Palabras clave


learning; teaching and training; information and communication technology; technological change; social chang / Aprendizaje; enseñanza y formación; TIC; cambio tecnológico; cambio social; enseñanza a distancia.

Texto completo:

PDF (ENGLISH)

Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/ried.18.1.13800

17 de abril de 2017

Educating Urban Designers using Augmented Reality and Mobile Learning Technologies / Formación de Urbanistas usando Realidad Aumentada y Tecnologías de Aprendizaje Móvil

Educating Urban Designers using Augmented Reality and Mobile Learning Technologies / Formación de Urbanistas usando Realidad Aumentada y Tecnologías de Aprendizaje Móvil

David Fonseca Escudero, Ernest Redondo, Albert Sánchez, Francesc Valls

Resumen


El presente artículo describe una experiencia educativa usando Realidad Aumentada (RA) en dispositivos móviles para el aprendizaje de conceptos de diseño urbano en estudiantes del Grado de Arquitectura. A tal efecto, se ha diseñado un ejercicio práctico sobre la casuística de un proyecto real, donde los estudiantes deben diseñar una escultura para una plaza pública en función de los parámetros del entorno, debiendo controlar sus parámetros, la forma, escala, localización, materiales, etc. El ejercicio se visualiza y controla mediante plataformas móviles de RA, lo que permite enfatizar un aprendizaje colaborativo mediante el estudio de las propuestas del resto de estudiantes in situ. Para la evaluación del proceso, tanto a nivel de usabilidad como de mejora del proceso educativo, hemos dividido a los estudiantes en dos grupos: uno primero de control, que cursó un sistema tradicional de la asignatura en base a ejercicios de laboratorio, y un grupo experimental, que utilizó el sistema descrito en la ubicación real del proyecto. Al final del curso, y en base a los resultados obtenidos y discutidos en el presente artículo, el grupo experimental obtuvo mejores notas finales, al mismo tiempo que se constata un incremento en el grado de satisfacción y motivación de los estudiantes que han utilizado la propuesta experimental. Este aspecto nos permite reafirmar la utilidad del método en la mejora educativa en el ámbito donde se circunscribe la experiencia. 

Palabras clave


Visual learning; Architecture; Urban planning; Information technology; Computer-assisted design; urban development

Texto completo:

PDF (PREPRINT) (ENGLISH)

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/ried.20.2.17675